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Have a sleep problem? Here’s what it could be.

By September 14, 2023September 21st, 2023Sleep Medicine
woman rubbing face and struggling with sleep

Sleep is a fundamental aspect of our lives that often goes unnoticed until a problem arises. For many, a good night’s rest is a natural, restorative process, but for others, it can be elusive. If you have a sleep problem, then your overall well-being and quality of life may begin to decline. Luckily, solutions (like sleep medicine) exist to help you get the peaceful sleep you need. 

Don’t let a sleep problem rob you of the rest you deserve – talk to our dentist in Sacramento, CA, today. Dr. Timothy Mickiewicz can help you pinpoint the cause of a sleep problem and offer simple solutions to help you catch more zzz’s at night. Get started today by calling (916) 469-9178 now!

Sleep problems, or sleep disorders, affect scores of people across the globe, which can greatly impact their overall well-being and quality of life. In this blog, we explore some common types of sleep problems and provide insights into what patients can do to address them.

Understanding a Sleep Problem

Sleep problems encompass a wide range of issues, from difficulty falling asleep to frequent awakenings during the night or waking up too early in the morning. These problems can disrupt the natural sleep-wake cycle and lead to sleep deprivation. In turn, this can affect one’s physical, mental, and emotional health. 


Insomnia is one of the most prevalent sleep problems that patients face. People with insomnia find it particularly challenging to fall asleep or stay asleep, making them feel groggy the next day. It can be short-term (acute) or long-term (chronic) and may be caused by various factors, including stress, anxiety, depression, or lifestyle choices.

What To Do

To address insomnia, individuals can try:

  • Establishing a regular sleep schedule
  • Creating a relaxing bedtime routine
  • Avoiding stimulants like caffeine and electronic devices before bedtime
  • Avoiding alcohol before bedtime

If the problem persists, seeking help from a healthcare professional is crucial for a proper diagnosis and tailored treatment plan. In some cases, treatments may include therapy or medication.

Sleep Apnea

If you or a loved one has noticed that you experience repeated interruptions in breathing during sleep, then you may be living with a sleep problem called sleep apnea. These pauses in breathing can last for seconds to minutes and are often accompanied by loud snoring. The most common form is obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), which occurs when the throat muscles relax excessively, obstructing the airway.

What To Do 

Typically, diagnosis requires a sleep study conducted at a sleep center. After the sleep study, your doctor may recommend several treatment options, like:

  • Lifestyle changes, like weight loss and positional therapy
  • Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) machines 
  • Oral appliances
  • In severe cases, surgical intervention

Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS)

Restless Legs Syndrome is a type of neurological sleep problem. Usually, people with RLS have an irresistible urge to move their legs, especially when at rest or during the evening. This condition can cause discomfort and disrupt sleep, making it challenging to achieve restorative rest.

What To Do

Lifestyle changes (such as regular exercise and avoiding caffeine and alcohol) may help alleviate RLS symptoms. In some cases, medications prescribed by a healthcare provider can provide relief.


Narcolepsy is a chronic neurological sleep problem. The condition influences the way that the brain regulates sleep-wake cycles. This means that people with narcolepsy often experience sudden and uncontrollable daytime sleepiness, which can lead to episodes of falling asleep at inappropriate times.

What To Do

Typically, treatment involves a combination of medication and lifestyle adjustments. Medications can help manage excessive daytime sleepiness, while lifestyle changes (like scheduled naps and maintaining a consistent sleep schedule) can enhance overall sleep quality.


Parasomnias encompass a group of sleep disorders that involve unusual behaviors or experiences during sleep. These can include sleepwalking, night terrors, and REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD), where individuals physically act out their dreams.

What To Do

Managing parasomnias often requires a combination of safety measures and, in some cases, medication. Creating a safe sleep environment and maintaining a consistent sleep schedule can help reduce the frequency and severity of parasomnias.

Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorders

Circadian rhythm sleep disorders can result from a mismatch between a person’s internal biological clock and their needed sleep-wake schedule. Common examples include shift work sleep disorder and jet lag.

What To Do

Adjusting to a consistent sleep schedule and using strategies (such as light exposure therapy) can help reset the circadian rhythm. In some cases, medication may be prescribed to aid in the transition.

Taking Action Against Sleep Problems

Addressing a sleep problem is essential for continued health and well-being. Here are some general strategies that individuals can adopt to improve their sleep:

Create a Sleep-Friendly Environment

  • Keep the bedroom quiet, cool, and dark
  • Splurge on a comfortable mattress and pillows
  • Remove electronic devices that emit blue light
  • Play soothing music or sounds quietly as you drift off

Maintain a Consistent Sleep Schedule

  • Go to bed and wake up at the same time every day, even on weekends
  • Avoid napping excessively during the day

Develop a Relaxing Bedtime Routine

  • Engage in calming activities before bed, such as taking a warm bath, yoga and gentle stretching, and reading
  • Avoid stimulating activities like watching intense TV shows or working right before bedtime

Watch Your Diet and Lifestyle

  • Limit caffeine and alcohol intake, especially in the hours leading up to bedtime
  • Exercise regularly, but avoid vigorous workouts close to bedtime
  • Manage stress through relaxation techniques like deep breathing or meditation

Seek Professional Help

  • If sleep problems persist or worsen, consult a healthcare provider or a sleep specialist for a proper evaluation and diagnosis
  • Follow the recommended treatment plan, which may include therapy, medication, or other interventions tailored to your specific sleep disorder

Have a sleep problem? We can help!

An untreated sleep problem can significantly impact an individual’s physical and mental health. Understanding the common types of sleep problems and taking proactive steps to address them can lead to improved sleep quality and overall well-being. If you’d like to discuss a sleep problem with a trusted sleep dentist in Sacramento, CA, then contact Dr. Timothy Mickiewicz today. Request an appointment online here, or call our team at (916) 469-9178 to get started now!